Displacement due to conflict, wars and persecution escalated throughout the globe, said the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees on June 18, and has recorded the fastest growth rate with around 59.5 million people displaced by force by end of 2014.
At the end of 2013, the figure was only 51.2 million, and in 2005, the number of displaced individuals was recorded at 37.5 million. The report also indicated that the growth was highest beginning 2013, although when Syria engaged in war in 2011, such conflict triggered the largest single displacement.
Today, Syria has emerged as the largest producer of refugees with 3.88 million, and with internally displaced people at 7.6 million by end of 2014, while Afghanistan which came second recorded 2.59 million, and Somalia, the third largest with 1.1 million refugees.
“We are witnessing a paradigm change, an unchecked slide into an era in which the scale of global forced displacement as well as the response required is now clearly dwarfing anything seen before,” U.N High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres expounded.
He added, “It is terrifying that on the one hand there is more and more impunity for those starting conflicts, and on the other there is seeming utter inability of the international community to work together to stop wars and build and preserve peace.”
Children Account Half Of World Refugees
In its Global Trends report, UNHCR said that just in 2014, around 13.9 million people were newly displaced, a figure signifying four folds from 2010. Around the world, the refugees were numbered at 19.5 million, 38.2 million have been displaced within their countries and 1.8 million refugees were still waiting for the result of their asylum claims. Of these statistics, half of them are children, according to UNHCR.
Guterres further said people who need compassion refuge and aid “are being abandoned” due to big funding shortages and “gaps in global regime for protecting victims of war.”
To add to the plight of displaced individuals and refugees is a painful fact that their distribution is slanted away from richer nations and towards the poor countries. Of every 10 refugees, 9 of them were at poor countries or regions.