Russia will deliver S-300 advanced surface-to-air missiles to Iran. Meanwhile, Israel and U.S. agreed on arms supplies amounting to as much as $1 billion to 4 billion per year. Both moves became plausible the moment that P5+1 of international negotiators and Iran entered the nuclear deal.
In 2007, Russia and Iran signed an $800-million deal for the supply of five S-300 missile systems. In 2010, Russia suspended the delivery by virtue of a UN Security Council resolution banning arms supply to Iran. In 2011, Iran sued Russia in the Geneva Arbitration Court for breached of contract. In April 2015, Russian President Vladimir Putin lifted the ban when a nuclear deal between the P5+1 and Iran was entered into. The agreement ensured that Iran will only be pursuing nuclear research for peaceful purposes.
During the Dubai Airshow 2015 being held from Nov. 8 to 12, Rostec announced that Russia will deliver S-300 missile defense systems and as soon as the first batch of the missiles were delivered, Iran will drop the court case against Russia for non-delivery. “The contract on delivery of S-300 to Iran has not only been signed by the sides but has already entered into force,” Sergei Chemezov, Rostec head, was quoted as saying by the Wall Street Journal.
Now Israel is worried about the contract between Russia and Iran, Haaretz reported. This added up to the concern that with the nuclear deal now in place, Iran can increase its financial support for groups like Hezbollah and Hamas. Hence, Israel would want upgrade to the Israel Defense Forces and sought the help of the U.S. for this. According to the report, Israeli and American officials have already agreed for arms supply. U.S. will give F-35 fighter jets, F-15 and the V-22 Osprey. Israel’s Defense Minister Moshe Yaalon was quoted as saying that “under the circumstances, we need more than there is now.” An insider revealed to Haaretz that the supply could amount to as much as $1 billion to $4.1 billion per year.