Psychologists have long been advocating that spanking or any form of corporal punishment does no good to a child, especially to his or her later life. Another study has yet provided a research-backed claim that spanking could actually cause children to be more aggressive later on.
But other than spanking’s effect on the child’s aggressive behavior, this seemingly harmless mode of punishment has a lot of ill effects after all.
The researchers from University of Texas in Austin and University of Michigan have found, in a collaborative study, that spanking could also cause children to end up in terrible relationships later on in life. Apart from that, researchers also claim that children could have problems with drug and alcohol abuse growing up.
Elizabeth Gershoff, a human development professor from the University of Texas at Austin, in a statement said that most American parents even to this day believe spanking is a tolerable form of punishment. But it may seem an acceptable form of disciplinary action for most parents; it has long-term effects to the child.
“We found that spanking was associated with unintended detrimental outcomes and was not associated with more immediate or long-term compliance, which are parents’ intended outcomes when they discipline their children,” Gershoff said.
The study, which was published in the journal of Family Psychology, found that spanking does cause a lot of detrimental effects and undesirable behavior to the child later on in life. Ironically, these undesirable behaviors are the same sets of behaviors parents want to eliminate when they spank children.
By studying previously published studies on the same subject, which is a form of meta-analysis, the researchers have identified 17 undesirable outcomes of spanking. As they analyzed the data, the researchers have found that the majority of children who experienced spanking as punishment failed in 13 of the 17 undesirable outcomes.