Contrary to popular belief that depression, a clinical disorder closely linked to suicide, is more prevalent during the winter season, a new study shows that the number people who successfully or attempted to commit suicide has spiked in spring.
In a time of the year when flowers bloom, the weather is relatively lively, and everyone seems to love the scenery outside, it’s hard to believe that many people are more prone to commit suicide.
According to a study published in the journal of the National Center of Biotechnology Information (NCBI), suicide incidents tend to spike in spring. Based on the study, authored by different behavioral scientists from the United States and South Korea, one possible explanation for this trend is the effect of seasonal variation of mood.
In behavioral science, mood disruption is one of the common culprits behind suicide cases that push people to contemplate suicide. In fact, it has been well-documented that seasonal changes, especially during the winter, have been known to increase cases of mood disorder. One of which is the seasonal affective disorder (SAD), where limited sunlight is said to contribute to the development of such disorder.
“Since the seasonal fluctuation in suicide has become a recognized and significant phenomenon, it is desirable to identify variables that consistently demonstrate an association with the seasonal variation of suicidal behaviors as well as completed suicide,” an excerpt of the study reads.
In explaining the relationship between spring and mood, Michelle Riba of the University of Michigan Comprehensive Depression Center told Health.com that the thought of seeing a lot people enjoying spring while you are not adds to the feeling of sadness.
She added that a phenomenon called summertime depression could also offer explanation as to why there are people who remain blue when the rest are feeling happier as winter approaches.
“We don’t really know why. It may be hormonal for women, and there are theories related to melatonin production, but we’re not sure,” Riba told Health.com.